An analytical approach to bistable biological circuit discrimination using real algebraic geometry

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Title An analytical approach to bistable biological circuit discrimination using real algebraic geometry
Authors Dan Siegal-Gaskins, Elisa Franco, Tiffany Zhou, Richard M. Murray
Source J. R. Soc. Interface 2015 12 20150288; DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2015.0288.
Abstract Biomolecular circuits with two distinct and stable steady states have been identified as essential components in a wide range of biological networks, with a variety of mechanisms and topologies giving rise to their important bistable property. Understanding the differences between circuit implementations is an important question, particularly for the synthetic biologist faced with determining which bistable circuit design out of many is best for their specific application. In this work we explore the applicability of Sturm's theorem—a tool from nineteenth-century real algebraic geometry—to comparing ‘functionally equivalent’ bistable circuits without the need for numerical simulation. We first consider two genetic toggle variants and two different positive feedback circuits, and show how specific topological properties present in each type of circuit can serve to increase the size of the regions of parameter space in which they function as switches. We then demonstrate that a single competitive monomeric activator added to a purely monomeric (and otherwise monostable) mutual repressor circuit is sufficient for bistability. Finally, we compare our approach with the Routh–Hurwitz method and derive consistent, yet more powerful, parametric conditions. The predictive power and ease of use of Sturm's theorem demonstrated in this work suggest that algebraic geometric techniques may be underused in biomolecular circuit analysis.
Type Journal paper
URL http://rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/12/108/20150288.long
Tag sfzm15-jrsi
ID 2015l
Funding NSF MPP2
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